However, the railroad's prominence declined during the Great Depression, shrinking Altus's economy and population. The collection of the library contains 145,140 volumes. In addition to the outdoor recreational activities available to residents and visitors of the region, the River Valley contains Arkansas's wine country as well as hundreds of historical sites throughout the area. Most first encounters describe scattered villages and individual farmsteads in the River Valley, unlike the organized "towns" and groves and orchards encountered in eastern Arkansas. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005. The Arkansas River Valleyis the area carved by the river long ago.  Since settlement, the River Valley had been a largely cashless society with significantly less reliance on slave labor compared to plantation agriculture areas like the Arkansas Delta and elsewhere in the Deep South. The Arkansas River originates high in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains near Leadville, Colorado, and it ends in eastern Arkansas at the confluence with the Mississippi River where the town of Napoleon (Desha County) once stood. North and east of the Arkansas River is the Arkansas Valley Hills subdivision, characterized by low hills eroded from ancient plateaus. 92.61% of Arkansas residents speak only English, while 7.39% speak other languages. Major support provided through a partnership with the Arkansas Department of Parks & Tourism.  Research at the site has linked artifacts to cave art (pictured at right) in a cave on Petit Jean Mountain, as well as establishing links to the Caddo, Osage, and Quapaw tribes. From this point until 1940, the population grew consistently as net immigration played a huge part in the growth of the state. However, the broad prairies and wooded plains that make up the bulk of the landscape give the Arkansas Valley, and particularly this subdivision, a distinct character. However, some features are characteristic of the Arkansas Valley itself, including isolated, flat-topped, steep-sided mesas like Petit Jean Mountain, Mount Nebo, and Mount Magazine. Because the hills that are common in this subdivision are fairly rugged, it is more forested than is typical of the rest of the valley, and the towns are smaller. From Pittsburgh to the Rocky Mountains: Major Stephen Long’s Expedition, 1819–1820. When a tribute gift is given the honoree will receive a letter acknowledging your generosity and a bookplate will be placed in a book. Hubert B. Stroud Arkansas River Valley was initiated.This was a success with the highest densities agencies has resulted in the initiative to introduce populations of wild animals of geese nesting in the vicinity of Lake Dardanelle and Ozark Lake.Unfortunately, The streams and rivers that flow through these Arkansas Valley plains reflect their character: they flow gently, are bordered by broad bottomlands, and are often muddy (clayey from the erosion of shale). Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error. There are distinctive subdivisions of the Arkansas Valley that share the general characteristics of the natural division as a whole but differ from each other in sometimes subtle, but important, ways. Today, most of the valley is developed for various human uses, with few large forested areas remaining, other than on the steeper mountainsides. The CALS Foundation is a 501(c)(3) organization. The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 88.91%. Just as there has been population growth, some Arkansas counties have seen decreases in population between 2010 and 2015. The western portion of the River Valley (i.e., around Fort Smith) is situated near an area known as Tornado Alley in the central United States. The first barge reached the Port of Catoosa in Oklahoma in late December 1970. The first time you log in to our catalog you will need to create an account. The number of cities along its corridor is evidence of the importance of the valley for settlement and urbanization. Its 2016 growth rate of 0.38% makes it the 29th fastest growing state in the USA. Additional support provided by the Arkansas General Assembly. © 2019 Encyclopedia of Arkansas.  Much of what is known about these early societies has been uncovered by the Arkansas Archaeological Survey and the Arkansas Archaeological Society at Carden Bottoms in Yell County near the Arkansas and Petit Jean Rivers. According to data from 2011, 39% of children under the age of 1 were classified as minorities. After 1960, Arkansas resumed it's relatively high level of growth until 2010. Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources. Car show and festival entertainment. Fourche River Days in Perryville, April. Among those working part-time, it was 21.78%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.79%.