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[4], Purcell is said to have been composing at nine years old, but the earliest work that can be certainly identified as his is an ode for the King's birthday, written in 1670. Henry Purcell was born on September 10, 1659, in Westminster, Lindon. The so-called Purcell's Trumpet Voluntary was in fact written around 1700 by a British composer named Jeremiah Clarke as the Prince of Denmark's March. Geni requires JavaScript! His first printed composition, Twelve Sonatas, was published in 1683. https://www.geni.com/people/Henry-Purcell/6000000015731222340 When he was five, his father died, forcing his mother to resettle the family of six children into a more modest house and lifestyle. His work at the time was mostly dedicated to the Royal family and sacred topics. Henry studied first under Captain Henry Cooke (d. 1672), Master of the Children, and afterwards under Pelham Humfrey (d. 1674), Cooke's successor. One of Purcell's most elaborate, most important and most magnificent works was a birthday ode for Queen Mary. In gratitude for the providential escape of King Charles II from shipwreck, Gostling, who had been of the royal party, put together some verses from the Psalms in the form of an anthem and requested Purcell to set them to music. Thomas, who was probably a son of theirs, was buried 1686 in the East Cloister and Harry or Henry was also buried there in 1687. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004, "Henry Purcell. Henry Purcell Senior,[3] whose older brother Thomas Purcell was a musician, was a gentleman of the Chapel Royal and sang at the coronation of King Charles II of England. The quantity of his instrumental chamber music is minimal after his early career, and his keyboard music consists of an even more minimal number of harpsichord suites and organ pieces. 1694 That same year saw the publication of five of the young composer's songs in John Playford's Choice Ayres and Songs to Sing to the Theorbo-lute or Bass-viol. Henry Purcell, the eminent composer and organist, was buried in the north choir aisle at Westminster Abbey. For some years after this, he was busy in the production of sacred music, odes addressed to the king and royal family, and other similar works. Purcell died in 1695 at his home in Marsham Street,[30] at the height of his career. Purcell was born in 1659 to Henry Purcell, master of choristers at Westminster Abbey, and his wife Elizabeth. Westrup, J. His wife lived until 1706. While he did write instrumental music, including the important viol fantasias, the vast majority of his output was in the vocal/choral realm. Near the end of 1687, Queen Mary's pregnancy was announced and Purcell was commissioned to compose an anthem with the text of Psalm 128, Blessed are they that fear the Lord. The composition of his chamber opera Dido and Aeneas, which forms a very important landmark in the history of English dramatic music, has been attributed to this period, and its earliest production may well have predated the documented one of 1689. Katherine, sister of Henry junior, was baptised at the Abbey in 1662 and later married the Reverend William Sale. In 1693, Purcell composed music for two Comedies: The Old Bachelor, and The Double Dealer. With his royal duties reduced, he was able to pursue other opportunities, including teaching and writing for other organizations. [16][17] For some years after this, he was busy in the production of sacred music, odes addressed to the king and royal family, and other similar works. In 1683, Purcell published his first printed composition, the Twelve Sonatas. [11] The composition of his chamber opera Dido and Aeneas, which forms a very important landmark in the history of English dramatic music, has been attributed to this period, and its earliest production may well have predated the documented one of 1689. Slow Air 4. His wife, and two children Edward and Frances, survived him. [37] In a 1940 interview Ignaz Friedman stated that he considered Purcell as great as Bach and Beethoven. Another is that he succumbed to tuberculosis. Purcell is honoured together with Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frideric Handel with a feast day on the liturgical calendar of the Episcopal Church (USA) on 28 July. Each work runs to less than one hour. He is generally considered to be one of the greatest English composers; no other native-born English composer approached his fame until Edward Elgar. This is a version by composer Dario Marianelli of Purcell's Abdelazar theme. CD by Abbey choir "O Praise the Lord: Restoration music from Westminster Abbey" available from the Shop. The Indian Queen was adapted from a tragedy by Dryden and Sir Robert Howard. In the 21st century, the soundtrack of the 2005 film version of Pride and Prejudice features a dance titled "A Postcard to Henry Purcell". (Portland, Oregon: Amadeus Press, 1995), 55. Westrup, J. [2] A modern-day Purcell Club has been created, and provides guided tours and concerts in support of Westminster Abbey. Minuet Year/Date of Composition Y/D of Comp. On 26th November 1695 Henry himself was buried in the north aisle of the choir. Young Henry was admitted as a child of the Chapel Royal in 1677 and eventually became organist there. [18][19] In 1685, he wrote two of his finest anthems, I was glad and My heart is inditing, for the coronation of King James II. Henry studied first under Captain Henry Cooke,[6] Master of the Children, and afterwards under Pelham Humfrey,[2] Cooke's successor. Edward was appointed organist of St Clement Eastcheap, London, in 1711 and was succeeded by his son Edward Henry Purcell (d. 1765). (New York City: St. Martin's Press Inc., 1967), 266. This work was annually performed at St Paul's Cathedral until 1712, after which it was performed alternately with Handel's Utrecht Te Deum and Jubilate until 1743, when both works were replaced by Handel's Dettingen Te Deum. I’ve worked here for over thirty years and have seen many of the major services - it’s strange to realise that you are in a small way part of history. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. I, Henry Purcell, of the City of Westminster, gentleman, being dangerously ill as to the constitution of my body, but in good and perfect mind and memory (thanks be to God) do by these presents publish and declare this to be my last Will and Testament. From 1680 until 1688, Purcell produced music for seven plays, which became very important landmarks for English dramatic music. (New York City: St. Martin's Press Inc., 1967), 267. [10] Purcell now devoted himself almost entirely to the composition of sacred music, and for six years severed his connection with the theatre. A few months later, he wrote the music for D'Urfey's play, The Fool's Preferment. His eldest son was born in this same year, but his life was short lived. Joseph Haydn (London: J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd., 1975), 83. Purcell fathered six children by his wife Frances, four of whom died in infancy. 7pm - 8pm, Cello Concerto No.1 in C major (2) So strong was his reputation that a popular wedding processional was incorrectly attributed to Purcell for many years. However, his earliest identified work is an ode to the King’s birthday in 1670. The composition of Dido and Aeneas gave Purcell his first chance to write a sustained musical setting of a dramatic text. In 1687, he resumed his connection with the theatre by furnishing the music for Dryden's tragedy, Tyrannick Love. [28] In 1693, Purcell composed music for two comedies: The Old Bachelor, and The Double Dealer. window; [26], He composed an anthem and two elegies for Queen Mary II's funeral, his Funeral Sentences and Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary. A modern day Purcell Club has been created, and provides guided tours and concerts in support of Westminster Abbey. Purcell wrote several anthems at different times for Gostling's extraordinary basso profondo voice, which is known to have had a range of at least two full octaves, from D below the bass staff to the D above it. A. Purcell. Priest's wife kept a boarding school for young gentlewomen, first in Leicester Fields and afterwards at Chelsea, where the opera was performed. The work is a very difficult one, opening with a passage which traverses the full extent of Gostling's range, beginning on the upper D and descending two octaves to the lower. His epitaph reads: "Here lyes Henry Purcell Esq., who left this life and is gone to that Blessed Place where only His harmony can be exceeded." As England's greatest composer of the Baroque, Henry Purcell was dubbed the "Orpheus Britannicus" for his ability to combine pungent English counterpoint with expressive, flexible, and dramatic word settings. This was where the organ stood at this time and he is therefore often said to be buried "under the organ". IHP 112 Movements/Sections Mov'ts/Sec's: 8 sections 1. In 1687, Henry Purcell resumed work at the theatre and furnished the music for the tragedy Tyrannick Love. [citation needed] There is a Purcell Society in London, which collects and studies Purcell manuscripts and musical scores, concentrating on producing revised versions of the scores of all his music. He then collaborated with John Dryden on King Arthur in 1691, and also composed the music for The Fairy-Queen (1692), based on Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream both productions also scoring triumphs. In about 1668, Purcell became a chorister in the Chapel Royal, studying under chorus master Henry Cooke. In 1876 a Purcell Society was founded, which published new editions of his works. The challenging work opens with a passage which traverses the full extent of Gostling's range, beginning on the upper D and descending two octaves to the lower. The so-called Purcell's Trumpet Voluntary was in fact written around 1700 by a British composer named Jeremiah Clarke as the Prince of Denmark's March.

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