occidentalis, family Phrynosomatidae, suborder Iguania), Anole (Anolis Carolinensis, family Polycrotidae, suborder Iguania). Zoo Mammals Fowler's Toad (Bufo fowleri) At least 71 species of reptiles are known to inhabit the state or its coastal waters.  On sighting another male, the anole will compress his body, extend the dewlap, inflate a dorsal ridge, bob his head and attempt to chase the rival away. Winter activity is dependent on sun and temperature.. 1832: In Cuvier`s Das Thierreich, geordnet nach seiner Organisation: als Grundlage der Naturgeschichte der Thiere und Einleitung in die vergleichende Anatomie, Vol.  Adult flies will deposit eggs on live anoles, and the fly larvae develop inside the lizard until they emerge from a wound and pupate into adult flies in sediment. But the typical lizard you see is young and small (two or three inches long). The geologically ancient Mountain terrain provides a more diverse range of habitats than the Piedmont, but the colder climate limits the number of reptilian species that inhabit this region. It is also sometimes referred to as the American chameleon (typically in the pet trade) due to its ability to change color from several brown hues to bright green, and its somewhat similar appearance and diet preferences. - Carroll Co., VA 7/24/10, American Alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) - Brunswick Co., NC 8/25/07, Green Anole (Anolis carolinensis) Colonies of these rare color-phased anoles have been reported, but anoles with these color mutations rarely live for long, since the green color provides camouflage for hunting down prey, as well as hiding from predators.  Males can extend a pronounced dorsal ridge behind the head when displaying or when under stress. They are highly arboreal and are frequently found on or near structures such as trees, logs, stumps, rock outcrops, buildings, and rock or brush piles. Eastern Garter Snake (Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis) - Durham Co., NC 3/24/07, Snapping Turtle (Chelydra serpentina) Hemiptera: Heteroptera (True Bugs) The head is long and pointed with ridges between the eyes and nostrils, and smaller ones on the top of the head. Odonata: Anisoptera (Dragonflies) They rely largely on camouflage and speed to escape predators. Fort Fisher (New Hanover County, NC) The eastern fence lizard is one of North Carolina’s more conspicuous and familiar reptiles, deriving its common name from an earlier time when wooden fences were more common. Frogs and Toads John B. Jensen. Diptera (True Flies) They show up in the woods near logs or on trees. Common names include the Carolina anole, green anole, American green anole, American anole, and red-throated anole.  Changing color while under a sharply contrasting shadow can cause a "stencil effect", where the outline of the shadow is temporarily imprinted in the animal's coloration (see image in gallery, below). anole demonstrates very effective camouflage while still getting a lot Little Grass Frog (Pseudacris ocularis) - Pender Co., NC 4/19/08 Six-lined Racerunner (Cnemidophorus Ground Skink (Scincella lateralis) - Scotland Co., NC 3/22/08, Copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix) Hanover County, NC, 6/23/06. It is the state’s only native lizard that appears rough or spiny, and it is identified easily on that basis. Additional research provided by Larkin Bell, Kathy Carter, Evan L. Erickson, Joan E. Freeman, John Hairr, William C. Harris, Jerry Leath Mills, Clyde Smith, and Jean Snow. Greenville (NC) The rolling terrain and moderate climate of the Piedmont also support a diverse assemblage of reptiles. , Colour varies from brown to green and can be changed like many other kinds of lizards, but anoles are closely related to iguanas and are not true chameleons. Wildlife Diversity Program Quarterly Reports, Eastern fence lizard (Photo by Judy Gallagher), Eastern fence lizard-juvenile (Photo by Jodie Owen), Mailing Address:1701 Mail Service CenterRaleigh, NC 27699-1700, Report Wildlife Violations:1-800-662-7137, Copyright © 2020 N.C. Wildlife Resources Commission, Conserving North Carolina's Wildlife Resources, Learning About North Carolina's Wildlife Resources, Wildlife Law Enforcement in North Carolina, On the Road, On the Water. Sandy Creek Park (Durham, NC) Some people fear these completely harmless lizards, believing them to be poisonous, which they are not. Fence lizards are preyed upon by various snakes and carnivorous birds and mammals. This Isla Verde anole was watching me carefully. Infection is often fatal, with mortality rates possibly as high as 90%. Northern Water Snake (Nerodia sipedon) Usually, when the female is ready to mate, she may let the male catch her, at which point he will grasp her by biting a fold of her skin behind her neck. Doug Elliott, "Bats Aren't So Bad," Wildlife in North Carolina 54 (November 1990). Must be wrestling with indecision! Black Racer (Coluber constrictor) Dare County, NC, 5/13/04. B. Everett Jordan Lake near 751 bridge (Chatham County, NC) The anole changes its color depending on mood, level of stress, activity level and as a social signal (for example, displaying dominance). Northern Cricket Frog (Acris crepitans) to match their environment. Zoo Reptiles Anoles are parasitized by some species of sarcophagid flies, including Lepidodexia blakeae. American Tobacco Trail (Durham, NC) , The Carolina anole is diurnal and active throughout the year, peaking in spring and fall. Eastern Fence Lizard (Sceloporus undulatus) - Orange Co., NC, 4/7/02  Many people who keep these lizards as pets feed them mealworms, grubs, maggots, and small crickets. Psocoptera (Bark Lice) Neuse River Waterdog. Pine Woods Treefrog (Hyla femoralis) - Croatan National Forest, Craven Co., NC 9/6/03 Label vector designed by Ibrandify - Freepik.com, https://www.flickr.com/photos/pcoin/98562229. They are probably responsible for most of the loudest shuffling noises under the Occoneechee Mountain Natural Area (Hillsborough, NC) Eno River State Park, Few's Ford access, Cox Mountain, Orange County, Wait, 2006 Flat River Impoundment (Durham County, NC) Classification: Nongame Click to Learn More About Lizards of North Carolina North Carolina is home to 12 species of lizards (Order Squamata, Suborder Lacertilia), none of which are dangerous. Eastern Fence Lizard (Sceloporus undulatus, family Phrynosomatidae, suborder Iguania) These lizards can grow to six inches long, not including their tails. Within the genus, thirteen species have been identified as a distinct clade, referred to as the Anolis carolinensis series. Representatives of four orders or suborders of reptiles, including alligators, lizards, snakes, and turtles, have been identified. Orthoptera (Stick Insects, Grasshoppers, Katydids and Crickets) The five-lined is probably the most common and widespread of the three, which are sometimes difficult to distinguish. Audubon Swamp Garden (Alligators, turtles) Other species include the northern fence lizard, the green anole, five species of skinks, and the six-lined racerunner. Mantodea (Mantids) Abundance: Common throughout most of the state (blue). Fence lizards occupy a variety of habitats but are most common in relatively dry, open woodlands of pines and hardwoods. Red-belly Water Snake (Nerodia erythrogaster) - juvenile, Dare Co., NC, 3/24/02 Five species of Viperidae, the poisonous family of snakes with the characteristic heat-sensitive pit between the eye and nostril on either side of a wide head, are found in North Carolina. The largest of these is the common snapping turtle, which should be treated with caution because of its powerful jaws.
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