do we know when the rifle could be available? Looking at list of guns it is possible I made a mistake. We know about cca. In this case I could imagine that an unfired bullet would be cylindrical, but a fired one would have to have some degree of deformation to a hexagonal cross section for the idea to work. BIDDER, said that ‘every gun’ in which a certain amount of powder was exploded, would become foul. The Whitworth–armed snipers, operating in small teams or pairs often created heavy losses on distant artillery troops, officers, or regular enemy soldiers. I suspect that octagon and, especially, hexagons are easier to do. Marcin, I haven’t found anything current. Other than that it was a joy to shoot, with relatively mild recoil and quite impressive accuracy. My understanding (and I forget what reference I saw this in) is that the original ammunition, brought through the blockade from England, actually used swaged bullets, of a somewhat harder than usual alloy. Maybe a silly question, but how does one make a bullet mold for a hexagonal bullet? The one problem I could venture to speculate upon would be that the bore would, under different conditions of firing over the many days elapsed, provide different interior ballistics to the projectile, reducing accuracy (which would defeat the purpose of using a rifle like a Whitworth. https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/John_Sedgwick He was the first to recognize that what you needed was a fast twist and a long bullet. That may be due to the photography, or mis-identification, but I wonder if simple bullets were used in a Whitworth gun, and how much accuracy was lost by doing so.”. Probably not. Thanks Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "ac17528d324ea3b4340ef6f1a135ca03" );document.getElementById("c3ea840525").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The standard load of the rifle was between 70-85 grains fine British powder that propelled the 530 grain bullet. Paper patched bullets were used or cartridges. One detail which got my attention was use of countersunk (flush head) screws in cradle assembly. The bullets were a mechanical fit and load quite easily. I’m not sure why this is, but I can speculate a little: 1) The bullets were not really truly hexagonal, but more like a cylinder with flattened surfaces, with some rounding between the flats (i.e. That meant that it could be used with fouling that would stop a Whiteworth. Fouling could be a problem, How many rifles reached the CS troops? Please note this correction: However, the rifles were equally expensive, and were not given further consideration for military use. http://www.n-ssa.org/, © 1998 2010 Davide Pedersoli & C. All right reserved -, It is without question that the most feared rifle of the American Civil War was the British, The production of the new rifle started in 1857 within England with a revolutionary barrel, Although the original bullet was hexagonal, the C.S. The comparative tests of 1857-58 proved that the small bore military rifle is clearly superior compared to the standard issue Enfield rifle muskets. As embarrassing as this is, I can offer the following from wikipedia: “Two types of bullets were used in the Whitworth rifle, hexagonal and cylindrical. Was any comment made on the influence of using a “grease cake”, over the test period, on accuracy (My apologies Ben, I have not yet read all of the link you sent but I will, as it is fascinating – thanks again). I am also bit mystified with this part. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. Read Tennant’s “The Story of the Guns” page 58 for the details. You are right about the Panzerfaust, and it does prove that at least a very low velocity recoilless gun using black powder was possible. These rifles were equipped with Davidson 4-power telescopic sights, and they were put to extremely good effect by Confederate sharpshooting units. Most Union sharpshooters were required to buy their own rifles. In similar time, Royal Navy introduced breech loading naval gun, but was so disappointed with them that switched to RML guns (there was a whitworth rifled target rifle in the main homestead office, a rifle by Eli Whitney, there is a long story there) Unfortunately I have none of those bullets now, but they had quite a deep hollow base with quite heavy skirting. It could have been threaded in Whitworth or some type of trapezoidal thread. There’s another reason besides cost that the Whitworth rifle did not become standard issue: It got its increased performance partly by close tolerances bullet to barrel, and so was less tolerant of powder residue building up in the barrel. Sir Joseph Whitworth is quite the famous name in engineering circles, credited with the development of such things as Whitworth threading (the first standardized thread pattern) and engineer’s blue. The Enfield it was tested against used a Minnie bullet that was smaller than the bore and had an expanding skirt. https://www.dixiegunworks.com/index/page/product/product_id/1362 According to the Wikipedia article, the Whitworth rifle had both hexagonal and cylindrical bullets, both with paper cartridges. Thats the Mean Radius of the group; the group size will be more than twice the mean radius. In the referenced sketch, the “wad”, or grease cookie as we would call it, is approximately 3/16″ thick. Maybe this would blur the lines of the projectile’s hexagonal cross section. They received mixed reviews from the field, largely because the Confederacy (to whom most of them were sold) could not fabricate projectiles with enough precision to really match the barrels.
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